Rock climbing is an exciting and demanding sport that combines physical strength with mental focus. Sport climbers study routes, try to figure out moves on the fly, and use great energy, flexibility and agility to overcome dizzying heights.
There are different types of climbing, and there are some guidelines and tips to follow if you want to start practicing sport climbing and master this sport. Are you up for it? We’ll explain it all to you!
Types Of Rock Climbing
Have you ever been to a climbing wall? This is the most accessible way to do climbing training. This takes place in a facility that is specifically prepared to practice this sport without the need to go to the mountain. Interesting, isn’t it?
There are climbing walls that have different structures, so you can do bouldering or sport climbing. For the first, the height is less than 3 meters and does not require protective equipment or the use of ropes, it is perfect if you are afraid of heights. On the contrary, the areas for sport climbing can be between 10 and 15 meters high, or even more. Not only that, but here it is necessary to use fixed protection materials, such as anchors and carabiners (or meetings), as well as all the materials used for the climber’s protection, such as harness, rope, helmets, etc.
In addition to knowing if you want to start with a climbing wall, you should be clear about what type of climbing you want to do if you are looking to take the step to rock climbing outdoors:
- Free climbing: where you only use your hands and feet to move up the route.
- Sport climbing: requires anchors fixed on the walls and during the route.
- Traditional climbing: in which anchors are placed in systems that are not fixed and can be retrieved.
- Psicobloc: a type of climbing that is done on cliffs and without ropes, on lakes, rivers or the sea.
- On ice: on ice walls.
- On rock: climbing in the mountains.
Choose the appropriate clothing and accessories.
To practice sport climbing or rock climbing you must be fully prepared, so there are some things, such as carrying the right equipment and accessories, that you must take into account before you start.
- Footwear: it is very important that you choose the most appropriate footwear for this sport. You must make sure that you use specific shoes for climbing, as regular shoes will not work for rock climbing and you will notice a big difference.
- Magnesium bag
- A lead rope
- A belay device
Depending on the type of climbing you do, you will need to bring some accessories or others. Make sure you have what you need to practice this sport safely.
In addition, knowing how to handle the rope is essential. Therefore, it is ideal that you learn how to use the ropes properly to master them to perfection and be able to practice rock climbing more safely.
Be Clear About The Route
Climbing routes have a particularity that you need to know, and that is that they must begin with the number 5, which must be followed by a decimal point and another number, which will correspond to the level of difficulty that the climb will have in particular.
If you are a beginner, routes 5.5 or 5.6 can be a good option. The higher the decimal number, the more difficult the route.
Keys for the body
Keep in mind that, contrary to popular belief, the most important thing in rock climbing is core strength, not upper body strength. In this sense, if you have ever done sports like yoga or pilates, for example, you already have an advantage as a climber.
Also, to make a climb more efficient, it is key that you can keep your arms straight and your legs bent. This way, it will be easier to push yourself with your lower body.
On the other hand, in rock climbing it is essential to be clear about the movements you are going to make with your hands in advance. In order to do it correctly, you must have identified the support points before you start climbing.
A very important thing to keep in mind is not to forget to notify your insurer when you are ready to start the descent. It can be a little scary at first, but taking all the proper precautions should not be a problem. The key is also to try to keep your arms straight and your feet against the wall. Are you ready to start climbing?
If you like doing sports in nature and are looking for a new adventure or a new challenge, rock climbing or sport climbing may be the perfect option for you. What are you waiting for to give it a try?